“The demands of modern adult life”, wrote Robert Kegan in 1994, “may require a qualitative transformation in the complexity of mind every bit as fundamental as the transformation from magical thinking to concrete thinking required of the school-age child, or the transformation from concrete thinking to abstract thinking required of the adolescent”. Kegan wrote this when the internet was barely learning to crawl: In 1993, only 1 percent of information flowing through two-way telecommunication went through its channels
In the beginning was the web. Today, there are some who claim that it is a relatively recent phenomenon. This is wrong. It was always there: The space where everything is everything, everything is nothing, nothing is everything, and nothing is nothing. Then, there was some curiosity, then some tinkering, and eventually some infrastructure emerged: Ἀκαδημία here, γυμνάσιον there, forum here, þing there, monastery here, market place there, all the way to the legacies of Haussmann, Schumacher, or Speer. And then email, websites, social media, mobile apps.